Peculiarities of a Colloidal Polysaccharide of Newly Isolated Iron Oxidizing Bacteria in Armenia
( Vol-4,Issue-11,November 2017 )

Levon Markosyan, Hamlet Badalyan, Arevik Vardanyan, Narine Vardanyan


cell morphology: colloidal polysaccharide: iron oxidizing bacteria.


Microorganisms belonging to different systematic and physiological groups produce various intra- and extracellular polysaccharides, which both play an important role in the life of microorganisms and have great practical application. Iron and sulfur oxidizing bacteria produce capsular (EPS) and colloidal polysaccharides. At present the properties and functional role of EPS are well studied. However, the properties of the colloidal polysaccharides produced by iron oxidizing bacteria have not been sufficiently explored. A new iron oxidizing bacteria Leptospirillum ferriphilium CC was isolated from sulfide ores of Armenia. Its morphological and physiological features have been studied. A colloidal polysaccharide has been isolated with the use of an original method developed by the authors, and its physical and chemical properties have been studied. It has been shown that the colloidal polysaccharide consists of three different monomers- glucose, fructose, mannose.. Investigations with a complex method of optical polarization microscopy and analytical programs allowed determining the size, shape change, perimeter, degree of hydratation and crystallization at 0.07% and 0.04% of polysaccharide concentration. It was shown that the size of a polysaccharide colloidal particle does not much depend on polysaccharide concentration, however, the number of identical colloidal formations is dependent on the concentration of polysaccharide.

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