Study of Mechanical Properties of Stabilized Lateritic Soil with Additives.
( Vol-4,Issue-11,November 2017 )

Elijah O. Abe, Ezekiel A. Adetoro


Atterberg Limits, Grain Size Analysis, Mechanical Properties, Soil, Stabilization.


The overdependence on the usage of industrially manufactured soil improved or conventional additives have resulted in unaffordable cost of construction of better infrastructure in Third World and poor countries which are mostly agriculturally dependent across Globe. This study is aimed at studying the mechanical properties of lateritic soil stabilized with mixture of conventional and locally available additives. Soil samples collected from the study area were subjected to laboratory tests (i.e. Grain Size and Atterberg Limits tests) after stabilized with cement, ESA and RHA additives at proportion of 2% to 10% by sample weight. It is observed that the LL, PL and PI values varied from 30.1% to 35.5%, 9.9% to 12.5% and 20.1% to 23.2% respectively for sample A. While LL, PL and PI values varied from 35.2% to 41.5%, 10.8% to 14.5% and 24.4% to 27.1% respectively for sample B. It could be generally observed that PI values reduced while PL values increased for the soil samples after increase in addition of cement additive from 6% to 8%. All the LL, PL and PI values also reduced as the percentage of RHA additive added increased. Soil sample A has group classifications of A – 2 – 6 while soil sample B has A – 7 and tend towards A – 2 - 6 and A - 6 after stabilization. The stabilization process using local additives as partial replacement of conventional one generally improved the soils Engineering properties. Though it is more felt in ESA than RHA. Further research work should be carried out.

ijaers doi crossref DOI:


Paper Statistics:
  • Total View : 28
  • Downloads : 22
  • Page No: 028-032
Cite this Article:
Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

[1] J. O. Adams and A. E. Adetoro (2014). Quality Assessments of Water in Selected Waste – Dumping Site Areas. International Journal of Scientific Research and Education, vol. 2(11), pg. 2399-2404.
[2] A. E. Adetoro and J.O. Adams (2014). Analysis of Influences of Waste – Dumping Sites on the Quality of Water. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IOSR-JMCE), vol. 11(6 ver.IV), pg. 27- 30.
[3] A. E. Adetoro and S.A. Oladapo (2015). Effects of Sawdust and Palm Kernel Shell Ashes on Geotechnical Properties of Emure / Ise-orun Local Government Areas Soil, Nigeria. Scientific Research Journal (SCIRJ), vol.III (VII), pg. 35 – 38.
[4] A. E. Adetoro, J.S. Adekanmi and M. O. Dada (2015). Comparative Analyses of Soil Stabilized with Different Additives. Proceeding of 10th Engineering Forum of School of Engineering of the Federal Polytechnic Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, vol.1, pg. 94-100.
[5] A. E. Adetoro and I. S. Ayeni (2015). Effects of Locally Available Additives on Geotechnical Properties of Ijero Local Government Soil, Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST), vol. 2(11), pg. 2994-2997.
[6] A. E. Adetoro and O. M. Dada (2017). Comparative Analyses of Mechanical Properties of Ekiti State Soil, Nigeria. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST), vol. 4(5), pg. 7272 – 7276.
[7] American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) (1986). Standard Specification for Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling and Testing (14th ed.). USA: Washington DC, AASHTO.
[8] British Standard 1377 (BS 1377) (1990). British Standard Methods of Test for Soils for Civil Engineering Purposes. UK: London, British Standards Institution.
[9] Ekiti State Directorate of ICT (2017). The Official Website of the Government of Ekiti State, Nigeria. Available:
[10] Europa Technologies (2017). Google Earth. Available:, 2017.
[11] Federal Ministry of Works and Housing (FMWH) (1997). General Specification (Roads and Bridges) – Revised Edition (Volume II), Nigeria. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Works.
[12] G.R. Otoko, and B.K. Honest (2014). Stabilization of Nigerian Deltaic Laterites with Saw Dust Ash. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management. Vol. 2, no. 8, pp. 1287 – 1292.
[13] K. R. Thanki and N. V. Gajera (2015). Stabilization Analysis of Black Cotton Soil by using Groundnut Shell Ash. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science and Technology (IJIRST), vol. 2(1).
[14] E. I. Ugwu and D. A. Famuyibo (2014). Analysis of the Effect of Blending Nigeria Pure Clay with Rice Husk: A Case Study of Ekulu Clay in Enugu State. American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology, 2(3), pg. 34-37.
[15] Wikimedia Foundation Inc. (2017). Ekiti State. Available: