Validation of Dam-Break Problem over Dry Bed using SPH
( Vol-4,Issue-12,December 2017 )

Kaan Dal, Stefania Evangelista, Ada Yilmaz, Selahattin Kocaman


Dam-Break, SPH, Flood Wave, Experimental Study.


In this study, a comparison was made between experimental and numerical analysis results using the classical dam-break test case over dry bed. DualSPHysics software based on Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method was used to make the numerical analysis. Experimental data were obtained from Kocaman [1]’s laboratory setup through image processing technique. It was observed that the numerical and experimental results are in good agreement.

ijaers doi crossref DOI:


Paper Statistics:
  • Total View : 58
  • Downloads : 48
  • Page No: 209-213
Cite this Article:
Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

[1] Kocaman, S. (2007). Experimental and theoretical investigation of dam-break problem. Ph. D. Thesis. Cukurova University, Adana. (in Turkish)
[2] Ozmen-Cagatay, H., & Kocaman, S., (2012). Investigation of dam-break flow over abruptly contracting channel with trapezoidal-shaped lateral obstacles. Journal of Fluids Engineering, 134(8), 081204.
[3] Ozmen-Cagatay, Hatice, Selahattin Kocaman, and Hasan Guzel, (2014). Investigation of dam-break flood waves in a dry channel with a hump. Journal of Hydro-environment Research 8.3: 304-315.
[4] Aureli, F., Maranzoni, A., Mignosa, P., and Ziveri, C., (2008), “Dam-Break Flows: Acquisition of Experimental Data Through an Imaging Technique and 2D Numerical Modeling,” J. Hydraul. Eng., 134(8), pp. 1089–1101.
[5] Ozmen-Cagatay, H., Kocaman, S., (2011). Dam-break flow in the presence of obstacle: experiment and CFD Simulation. Eng. Appl. Comput. Fluid Mech. 5 (4), 541-552.
[6] Mohapatra, P.K., Bhallamudi, S.M., (1996). Computation of a dam-break flood wave in channel transitions. Adv. Water Resour. 19 (3), 181-187.
[7] Garcia-Navarro, P., Fras, A., Villanueva, I., (1999). Dam-break flow simulation: some results for one-dimensional models of real cases. J. Hydrol. 216 (3-4), 227-247.
[8] Evangelista S., Altinakar M., Di Cristo C., Leopardi A. (2013). Simulation of dam-break waves on movable beds using a multi-stage centered scheme. International Journal of Sediment Research, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 269-284, ISSN: 1001-6279.
[9] Kocaman, S., & Ozmen-Cagatay, H. (2015). Investigation of dam-break induced shock waves impact on a vertical wall. Journal of Hydrology, 525, 1-12.
[10] Kocaman, S., & Ozmen-Cagatay, H., (2012). The effect of lateral channel contraction on dam break flows: Laboratory experiment. Journal of hydrology, 432, 145-153.
[11] Gingold, R.A. and J.J. Monaghan, (1977). Smoothed particle hydrodynamics-theory and application to non-spherical stars,. Monthly Notices Of The Royal Astronomical Society, 181: p. 375-389.
[12] Altomare, C., Oshima, Y., Chen, X., Crespo, A.J.C., Suziki, T., (2015). Study of the Overtoppıng Flow Impacts on Multıfunctıonal Sea Dıkes In Shallow Foreshores wıth an Hybrıd Numerıcal Model, 2015. 36th IAHR World Congress, The Hague, The Netherlands.
[13] Cunningham, L.S., Rogers, B.D., Pringgana, G., (2014). Tsunami wave and structure interaction: An investigation with Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics, ICE Engineering and Computational Mechanics, 167:126-138.
[14] Canor, T. and V. Denoël, (2013). Transient Fokker-Planck-Kolmogorov equation solved with smoothed particle hydrodynamics method,. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 94(6): p. 535-553.
[15] Randles, P.W. and L.D. Libersky, (1996). Smoothed particle hydrodynamics: Some recent improvements and applications. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 139(1-4):p. 375-408.
[16] Crespo, A.J.C., Dominguez, J.M., Rogers, B.D., Gesteira, M.G., Longshaw, S., Canelas, R., Vacondio, R., Barreiro, A., Feal, O.G., (2015). DualSPHysics:Open-Source parallel CFD solver based on Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH). Computer Physics Communications. 187:204-216.
[17] Shao, J. R., Li, H. Q., Liu, G. R., & Liu, M. B., (2012). An improved SPH method for modeling liquid sloshing dynamics. Computers & Structures, 100, 18-26.
[18] Ozmen-Cagatay, H., Kocaman, S., (2010). Dam-break flows during initial stage using SWE and RANS approaches. J. Hydraul. Res. 48 (5), 603-611.
[19] Monaghan JJ and Lattanzio JC., (1985). A Refined Method for Astrophysical Problems. Astron. Astrophys, 149, 135–143
[20] Monaghan J.J., (1992). Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics. Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 30, 543-574.
[21] Users Guide for DualSPHysics code, (2016).