Energy and Exergy Analysis of a CI engine fuelled with biodiesel fuel from palm kernel oil and its blends with petroleum diesel
( Vol-4,Issue-7,July 2017 )

Iortyer H. A, Likita Bwonsi


Diesel engine, energy analysis, exergy analysis, Palm kernel biodiesel.


Exergy analysis method has been widely used in the design, simulation and performance assessment of various types of engines for identifying losses and efficiencies. In this study, the first and second Laws of thermodynamics are employed to analyze the quantity and quality of energy in a single -cylinder, direct injection diesel engine using petroleum diesel fuel and biodiesel fuel from palm kernel. The experimental data were collected using steady-state tests which enable accurate measurements of air, fuel, and all the relevant temperatures. Balances of energy and exergy rates for the engine were determined and then various performance parameters and energy and exergy efficiencies were calculated for each fuel operation and compared with each other. The results of tested biodiesel from palm kernel showed similar energetic and exergetic efficiencies as petroleum diesel fuel although exergy efficiency of petroleum diesel was higher than that of palm kernel oil biodiesel and its blends. Therefore, as biodiesels derived from Palm Kernel oil (Pkl 100) have comparable performances to diesel fuel, it was concluded that they can be used as substitutes for petroleum diesel without much power loss.

ijaers doi crossref DOI:


Paper Statistics:
  • Total View : 257
  • Downloads : 27
  • Page No: 087-097
Cite this Article:
Show All (MLA | APA | Chicago | Harvard | IEEE | Bibtex)

[1] Bourhis G., and P. Leduc,(2009) Energy and Exergy Balances for Modern Diesel and Gasoline Engines, Oil & Gas Sci. & Tech.–Rev. IFP, DOI: 10.2516/ogst/2009051;
[2] Caliskan, H., Tat, M.E., Hepbasli, A. and Van Gerpen, J.H. (2010) ‘Exergy analyses of engines fueled with biodiesel from high-oleic soybeans based on experimental values’, International Journal of Exergy, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp.20–36.
[3] Caliskan N H., M.E. Tat, A. (2009) Hepbasli, Performance Assessment of an Internal Combustion Engine at Varying Dead (Reference) State Temperatures, Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(16), 3431–3436,
[4] Caton J. N, (2000)On The Destruction of Availability (Exergy) Due to Combustion Processes-with Specific Application to Internal-Combustion Engines, Energy, 25(11), 1097–1117,
[5] Graves R., S. Daw, J. Conklin, V. K. Chakravarthy, (2004) Stretch Efficiency in Combustion Engines with Implications of New Combustion Regimes, FY 2004 Progress Report,.
[6] Kanoglu, M., Dincer, I. and Rosen, M.A. (2008) ‘Exergetic performance investigation of a
a. turbocharged stationary diesel engine’, International Journal of Exergy, Vol. 5, No. 2,
b. pp.193–203.
[7] Kanoğlu M., S.K. Işık, and A. Abuşoğlu, (2005)Performance Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Power Plant, Energy Conversion and Management, 46(11-12), 1692–1702,
[8] Moran M.J., and H.N. Shapiro,(2000) Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 2nd Edition, Wiley New York,
[9] Mukul S., R. Agarwal (2009), Energy and Exergy Analysis of Brayton-Diesel Cycle, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering Vol II, July 1-3, 2009, London, U.K, ISBN:978-988-18210-1-0
[10] Murugesan A., C. Umarani, R. Subramanian, N. Nedunchezhian,(2009),Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel for Diesel Engines-A Review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(3), 653–662, 2009.
[11] Rakopoulos C.D, E.G. Giakoumis, (2006)Second-law Analyses Applied to Int. Comb. Engines Operation, Progress in Energy&Comb. Science, 32(1), 2–47,
[12] Rosen M.A., I. Dincer, (2003) Exergy–Cost–Energy–Mass Analysis of Thermal Systems and Processes, Energy Conv.& Management, 44(10), 1633–1651,.
[13] Şahin Z., (2006)The Research for Increasing Exergy Efficiency of Energy Plants with Gas- Solid Fuels, MSc Thesis, ZKU Graduate School of Natural&Applied Sciences Dept of Mech. Eng., Zonguldak,
[14] Sahoo P.K., L.M. Das, Combustion Analysis of Jatropha, Karanja and Polanga Based Biodiesel As Fuel In a Diesel Engine, Fuel, 88(6), 994–999,.
[15] Sekmen Y.,(2007) Use of Watermelon and Flax Seed Oil Methyl Estera as a Fuel in a Diesel Engine, Technology, 10(4), 295-302, 2007.Application of Energy and Exergy Analyses to a Ci Engine Using Biodiesel Fuel.
[16] Sezer I., and A. Bilgin, (2008) Mathematical Analysis of Spark Ignition Engine Operation Via The Combination of The First And Second Laws of Thermodynamics, Proc. R. Soc. A, 464, 3107–3128.
[17] Zheng M., C.M. Mwila, G.T. Reader, M. Wang, D.S.K. Ting, J. Tjong,(2008), Biodiesel Engine Performance and Emissions in Low Temperature Combustion, Fuel, 87(6), 714–722.