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Mansonic schistosomiasis: epidemiological study in the county Mulungu do Morro-BA

( Vol-6,Issue-12,December 2019 ) OPEN ACCESS
Author(s):

Antônio Soares Medrado Neto, Daltro Pereira Novaes Filho, Leia Alexandre Alves, Bruna Teles de Novaes Bernardo, Anny Carolinny Tigre Almeida Chaves

Keywords:

Schistosomiasis mansonica; sociodemographic characteristics; integrated actions.

Abstract:

Schistosomiasis mansoni (MS) is a parasitic disease that spreads through water, the trematode Schistosoma mansoni being its etiological agent. This is a serious public health problem worldwide. This paper proposes to analyze the epidemiological profile of cases of schistosomiasis in the municipality of Mulungu do Morro, Bahia, from 2007 to 2017. This is a descriptive epidemiological study of quantitative nature with data collected from the Notification Disease Information System ( SINAN) of the Unified Health System (SUS) regarding information on the number of reported cases and sociodemographic characteristics, where we analyzed the variables: gender, age, race, education, relationship with work and area of residence in the years surveyed, as well as pathology related data such as evolution and clinical form. Research shows that within the region, Mulungu do Morro occupies the 2nd place in number of notifications, with 59 cases of the disease in the period studied. The data show the predominance of males (64.4%), the economically active age group, from 15 to 50 years old (72.8%), cases from rural areas (79.7%) and from educated people. elementary school incomplete and complete (71.1%). Regarding the forms and evolution of the disease, both intestinal form and cure appear with 84.7%. The paper concludes that socioenvironmental factors are determinant for the maintenance of schistosomiasis in Mulungu do Morro municipality, providing subsidies for the formulation of strategies to combat the disease. Therefore, integrated actions between surveillance and medium- and long-term primary care should be implemented with the participation of the public and community sectors, ranging from the preparation of health professionals and the provision of tests for early diagnosis, the guarantee of treatment. to those infected in a timely manner, health education, even improvements in basic sanitation and supply of treated water, aiming to reduce the number of cases of the disease in the municipality.

ijaers doi crossref DOI:

10.22161/ijaers.612.51

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