Review on Exhaust Heat Recovery Systems in Diesel Engine
( Vol-4,Issue-11,November 2017 )

Mohamed Shedid, Moses Sashi Kumar


Exhaust heat recovery system, diesel engine.


Exhaust heat recovery system converts the thermal losses in the exhaust zone in engines into energy for work. This technology also reduces exhaust emission from engines. This review paper extends the classification of various methodologies on EHR in diesel engine. In spite of their indigenous benefit for various technologies, it has some limitation over applications to different context. From the current researches the variation in usage of exhaust heat from the diesel engine is evaluated and compared to find which methodology is suitable to attain high efficiency in thermal recovery for power generation. Finally a novel method of an EHR system is proposed to increase high percentage of heat recovery from the exhaust gas in diesel engines.

ijaers doi crossref DOI:


Paper Statistics:
  • Total View : 230
  • Downloads : 23
  • Page No: 091-097
Cite this Article:
Mohamed Shedid et al ."Review on Exhaust Heat Recovery Systems in Diesel Engine". International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science(ISSN : 2349-6495(P) | 2456-1908(O)),vol 4, no. 11, 2017, pp.091-097 AI Publications, doi:10.22161/ijaers.4.11.14
Mohamed Shedid, Moses Sashi Kumar(2017).Review on Exhaust Heat Recovery Systems in Diesel Engine. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science(ISSN : 2349-6495(P) | 2456-1908(O)),4(11), 091-097.
Mohamed Shedid, Moses Sashi Kumar. 2017,"Review on Exhaust Heat Recovery Systems in Diesel Engine". International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science(ISSN : 2349-6495(P) | 2456-1908(O)).4(11):091-097. Doi: 10.22161/ijaers.4.11.14
Mohamed Shedid, Moses Sashi Kumar. 2017,Review on Exhaust Heat Recovery Systems in Diesel Engine, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science(ISSN : 2349-6495(P) | 2456-1908(O)).4(11), pp:091-097
Mohamed Shedid, Moses Sashi Kumar."Review on Exhaust Heat Recovery Systems in Diesel Engine", International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science(ISSN : 2349-6495(P) | 2456-1908(O)),vol.4,no. 11, pp.091-097,2017.
@article {mohamedshedid2017review,
title={Review on Exhaust Heat Recovery Systems in Diesel Engine},
author={ Mohamed Shedid, Moses Sashi Kumar},
journal={International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science},
year= {2017},

[1] Klaus Mollenhauer, Helmut Tschoeke.Handbook of Diesel Engines.Springer Publications.
[2] Saidur R Rahim NA, Ping HW JahirulMI, Mekhilef S Masjuki HH. Energy and emission analysis for industrial motors in Malaysia. Energy Policy 2009;37 (9):3650–8.
[3] Hasanuzzaman M Rahim NA, Saidur R Kazi SN. Energy savings and emissions reductions for rewinding and replacement of industrial motor. Energy 2011;36(1):233–40.
[4] Riffat SB, Ma X. Thermoelectrics: a review of present and potential applications. Appl Thermal Eng 2003;23(8):913–35.
[5] Saidur R, Rezaei M, Muzammil WK, Hassan MH, Paria S, Hasanuzzaman M. Technologies to recover exhaust heat from internal combustion engines. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2012;16:5649–59.
[6] Karri MA, Thacher EF, Helenbrook BT. Exhaust energy conversion by thermoelectric generator: two case studies. Energy Convers Manage 2011;52(3): 1596–611.
[7] Zhang X, Chau KT. An automobile thermoelectric–photovoltaic hybrid energy system using maximum power point tracking. Energy Convers Manage 2011;52(1):641–7.
[8] C.Q. Su, W.S. Wang, X. Liu, Y.D. Deng. Simulation and experimental study on thermal optimization of the heat exchanger for automotive exhaust-based thermoelectric generators.Case Studies in Thermal Engineering 2014; 4: 85–91
[9] Duparchy A Leduc P, Bourhis G Ternel C. Heat recovery for next generation of hybrid vehicles: simulation and design of a Rankine cycle system. 3World Electric Vehicle 2009.
[10] SprouseIII C, Depcik C. Review of Organic Rankine Cycles for internal combustion engine exhaust waste heat recovery. Appl Thermal Eng 2013;51: 711–22.
[11] WangTianyou, Zhang Yajun, PengZhijun, ShuGequn. A review of researches on thermal exhaust heat recovery with Rankine cycle. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2011;15:2862–71.
[12] Chen H, Goswami DY, Stefanakos EK. A review of thermodynamic cycle and working fluids for the conversion of low-grade heat. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2010;14:3059–67.
[13] Dai YP, Wang JF, Gao L. Parametric optimization and comparative study of Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) for low grade waste heat recovery. Energy Convers Manage 2009;50(3):576–82.
[14] Teng H, Regner G. Improving fuel economy for HD diesel engines with EHR Rankine cycle driven by EGR cooler heat rejection. In: SAE paper 2009-01-2913; 2009.
[15] Schmitz G. Five-stroke internal combustion engine. Patent 6553977, USA; 2003.
[16] A. Keromnes, B. Delaporte, G. Schmitz, L. Le Moyne. Development and validation of a 5-stroke engine for range extenders application. Energy Conversion and Management. 2014; 82: 259–267.
[17] Conklin JC, Szybist JP. A highly efficient six stroke internal combustion engine cycle with water injection for in-cylinder exhaust heat recovery. Energy 2010;35:1658–64.
[18] Shimizu K, Sato W, Enomoto H, Yashiro M. Torque control of a small gasoline engine with a variable nozzle turbine turbocharger. SAE paper no. 2009-32- 0169. 2009.
[19] Sauersteina R, Dabrowski R, Becker M, Bullmer W. Regulated two-stage turbocharging for gasoline engines. BorgWarner Turbo Systems 2010.
[20] Fu J, Liu J, Yang Y, Ren C, Zhu G. A new approach for exhaust energy recovery of internal combustion engine: Steam turbocharging. Appl Thermal Eng 2013;52:150–9.
[21] Wei H, Zhu T, Shu G, Tan L, Wang Y. Gasoline engine exhaust gas recirculation —a review. Appl Energy 2012;99:534–44.
[22] Zheng M, Reader G T, Hawley JG. Diesel engine exhaust gas recirculation—a review on advanced and novel concepts. Energy Convers Manage 2004;45: 883–900.
[23] Abd-Alla GH. Using exhaust gas recirculation in internal combustion engines: a review. Energy Convers Manage 2002;43:1027–42.
[24] Higelin P, Charle A, Chamaillard Y. Thermodynamic simulation of a hybrid pneumatic-combustion engine concept. International Journal of applied Thermody- namics 2002; 5:1–11.
[25] Schechter M. New cycles for automobile engines. SAE Technical Paper 1999; 1999-01-0623.Chen P, Xu J. Analysis on hybrid effects of parallel pneumatic hybrid vehicle. Applied Mechanics and Materials 2013; 264-267:103–107.
[26] Huang KD, Tzeng S, Chang W. Energy-saving hybrid vehicle using a pneumatic-power system. Ap- plied Energy 2005; 81(1):1–18.
Dönitz C, Vasile I, Onde C, Guzzella L. Dynamic Programming for Hybrid Pneumatic Vehicles. American Control Conference: St. Louis, MO, 2009; 3956–3963.
[27] Huang KD, Quang KV, Tseng K. Study of recycling exhaust gas energy of hybrid pneumatic power sys- tem with CFD. Energy Conversion and Management 2009; 50(5):1271–1278.
[28] Brejaud P, Charlet A, Chamaillard Y, Ivanco A, Higelin P. Pneumatic-combustion hybrid engine: a study of the effect of the valvetrain sophistication on pneumatic modes, study of a pneumatic hybrid aided by a FPGA controlled free valve technology system. Oil & Gas Science and Technology 2010; 65(1):27–37.
[29] Trajkovic S. Study of a Pneumatic Hybrid aided by a FPGA Controlled Free Valve Technology System. Lund University: Lund, 2008.
[30] K.S. Maheswari, K. KalidasaMurugavel, G. Esakkimuthu. Thermal desalination using diesel engine exhaust waste heat—Anexperimental analysis.Desalination.2015; 358: 94–100.
[31] Jianqin Fu, Qijun Tang, Jingping Liu, Banglin Deng, Jing Yang, RenhuaFeng. A combined air cycle used for IC engine supercharging based on waste heat recovery. Energy Conversion and Management. 2014; 87: 86–95.
[32] Gao WZ, Zhai JM, Li GH, Bian Q, Feng LM. Performance evaluation and experiment system for waste heat recovery of diesel engine. Energy 2013;55:226–35.
[33] Schatz Oskar. Cold start improvement by use of latent heat stores. Automotive Eng J 1992:1458–70.
[34] V. Pandiyarajan, M. Chinna Pandian, E. Malan, R. Velraj, R.V. Seeniraj. Experimental investigation on heat recovery from diesel engine exhaust using finned shell and tube heat exchanger and thermal storage system. Applied Energy. 2011; 88: 77–87.