Vol.-3, Issue-4, April 2016

Sr No. Paper Detail
1. A Location Based Value Prediction for Quality of Web Service

Author- Dr.C.K.Gomathy, K. Bindhu sravya, P. Swetha, S.Chandrika
Abstract- The number of web services with functionality increases, the service users usually depends on web recommendation systems. Now a days the service users pay more importance on non functional properties which are also known as Quality of Service (QoS) while finding and selecting appropriate web services. Collaborative filtering approach predicts the QoS values of the web services effectively. Existing recommendation systems rarely consider the personalized influence of the users and services in determining the similarity between users and services. The proposed system is a ranking oriented hybrid approach which integrates user-based and item-based QoS predictions. Many of the non-functional properties depends on the user and the service location. The system thus employs the location information of users and services in selecting similar neighbors for the target user and service and thereby making personalized service recommendation for service users.
Keywords- Web Service, Collaborative filtering, Location aware, QOS prediction.
Page No.- 1-5
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2. Impact of RSA algorithm on Cloud Data Security-Analytical survey

Author- K.Subramanian, M.Mohamed Sirajudeen
Abstract- Cloud Data security and the privacy of the data access on the cloud storage in private cloud environment is a great challenge in the current era. Each and every stage of the security algorithms development mostly concentrates on the secure access for the cloud data by using different cryptographic algorithms. The research background of the cryptographic field of study focuses on the implementation of different security algorithms with higher performance in the execution. The mechanism of cloud data storage is widely using the crypto algorithms and the private cloud also give more importance for such algorithms regarding to maintain the confidential data access among the cloud service providers and clients. This research paper focuses on the Impact of RSA algorithm on Cloud Data Security-Analytical survey in both non cloud access (NCA) as well as cloud access (CA) environments on different input size of cloud data content.
Keywords- Cloud, Private, Security, algorithm and Performance.
Page No.- 6-8
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3. Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye from Industrial Effluents Using Coal Fly Ash

Author- Neeraj Jain, M.K. Dwivedi, Ashok Waskle
Abstract- Industrial Wastewater contains several type of dye, causing serious environmental hazard. The discharge of highly colored effluents into natural water bodies not only is aesthetically displeasing, but also impedes light penetration, thus upsetting biological processes within stream and thus required treatment before discharge into a water body. In the present study, fly ash generated from coal based thermal powers station has been converted into a low-cost adsorbent for the removal of Methylene Blue from effluents of textile industry. Batch studies have been carried out to study the effect of pH, adsorbent doses, adsorbate concentration, temperature and contact time. The results of batch studies reveal that the adsorption of Methylene Blue is strongly pH dependent and maximum Methylene Blue removal is observed at equilibrium pH of 7.0. Optimum adsorbent dose and contact time are found to be 10 g/l and 360 minutes respectively. Kinetic studies have been performed to have an idea of the mechanistic aspects and to obtain the thermodynamic parameters of the process. The results also show that adsorption decreases with increase in temperature thereby showing the process exothermic in nature. Adsorption data have also been correlated with both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models.
Keywords- Fly ash, adsorption, Methylene Blue, Langmuir, Freundlich isotherm, adsorbate.
Page No.- 9-16 Download this Article

4. A Privacy Protection Mechanism for Mobile Online Social Networks

Author- Dr.C.K.Gomathy, Y.Saranya, G.Vanisree, N.Yaswanthi
Abstract- A Location sharing system is the most critical component in mobile online social networks (MOSNS).Huge number of user's location information will be stored by the service providers. In addition to the location privacy and social network privacy cannot be guaranteed to the user in the earlier work. Regarding the enhanced privacy against the inside attacker implemented by the service provider in (MOSNS), we initiate a new architecture with multiple servers .It introduces a protected solution which supports a location sharing among friends and strangers. The user friend set in each query is submitted to the location server it divides into multiple subset by the location server. If the user makes a query to the server the data can be retrieved only for the registered users instead of all. We use Three Layer of Security likely, High, Medium and Low for the Privacy implementation. Simultaneously with a location sharing it offers check ability of the searching results reoccurred from the servers. We also prove that the new construction is safe under the stronger security model with enhanced privacy.
Keywords- Privacy location, Check-ability, Insider threats, Mobile social networks.
Page No.- 17-20 Download this Article

5. Microstrip Coupled Band Pass Filter using Parallel Coupled Lines used for EMI Reduction

Author- Aniket Gunjal, Prof. Sunil Gagare, Prof. Rekha Labade
Abstract- The use of BPF is in telecommunications wireless systems. The signal to be transmitted and which they are received are filtered at a center frequency having some significant bandwidth. This paper comprises a brief knowledge related to designing of a band pass filter (BPF) using microstrip parallel coupled line structure for reduction of noise and EMI. The band pass filter has a center frequency of 2.45GHz having less insertion loss and more than 20dB return loss in its pass band having more than 5% moderate bandwidth is successfully designed.The center frequency is selected such that it is mainly used in WLAN network or high speed wireless broadband is configured to transmit data voice and video IP because system requires more bandwidth. The layout is designed such that centre frequency is 2.45GHz with a fractional bandwidth of 200MHz and impedance resonator length of each coupled line is seperated such that impedance is adjusted to 50Ω exactly.Two sections are mainly given in design: two coupled lines distinguished by a non-uniform line resonator.The impedance resonators gives a separate resonance to obtain the passband region or response.The simulation is perform out on a HFSS software.
Keywords- WLAN, FBW, Microstrip, Insertion los, Resonators, Dielectric substrate and parallel coupled line, EMI, Coupling Factor.
Page No.- 21-24 Download this Article

6. Gain enhancement design of Aperture Coupled mpa at1.5 GHz

Author- Abhishek Dubey
Abstract- Micro strip patch antenna by default is low cost small in size easy to fabricate but have lower gain. In this research paper we have designed an antenna &aperture coupling is provided to increase the gain. The mathematical model is based on transmission line & design at 1.5 GHz is simulated & parametric study is made The VSWR & directivity are within acceptable limits.
Keywords- Aperture coupling, Directivity,Parametric, Patch, Vswr.
Page No.- 25-27 Download this Article

7. Concept of Thermal Sheet and its Design for Sustainable Heating and Cooling Using Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer

Author- Ashish Rohilla, Anuj Vikal, Hitesh Prashar, Husain S.Q.
Abstract- The present disclosure relates to an apparatus that can maintain a required thermal condition[TC] of an object for a period of time. The apparatus comprises a thermal sheet[TS] having thickness[t] nearly same as a blanket and incorporates a pipe to circulate a fluid. The thermal sheet can be used in combination with a Thermal Energy Reservoir [TER] that can be configured with a thermally insulated chamber to hold a thermal reservoir substance kept in the thermally insulated chamber. A pump can circulate the fluid through a second pipe placed in the thermally insulated chamber and thereafter through the pipe in the thermal sheet. A hot reservoir substance [heat source] can provide heating effects and a cold reservoir substance [heat sink] can likewise be used to provide a cooling effect. Thus the thermal sheet[TS] has the capability to keep a body at a required thermal condition[TC] (high or low temperature) for a period of time.
Keywords- Heat Source, Heat Sink, Sheet Thickness[t], Thermal condition[TC], Thermal sheet[TS], Thermal Energy Reservoir[TER].
Page No.- 28-32 Download this Article

8. A Brief Theory on Latest Trend of Filament Winding Machine

Author- Dr. S. C. Srivastava, Shariqul Hoda
Abstract- Composite is stated as constituent of two or more materials which retain their own physical and chemical property during the time of application, but produce a component which inherent the properties of its constituent materials and makes it better for the real time usage. There are varieties of processing techniques for fabricating composite parts or structures such as: (1) Resin Transfer Moulding, (2) Pultrusion, (3) Filament Winding, (4) Autoclave Moulding. Among all these technique of exercising composite materials, the filament winding technique is the most appropriate because it avails the user with the ease of usage, as well as gives wide range of degree of freedom for fabricating or manufacturing objects. In the paper we basically reveal the maximum approach made to study basic theory related to the filament winding technique or method, which provides initial platform for the new learner.
Keywords- composite, Resin Transfer Moulding, Pultrusion, Filament Winding, Autoclave Moulding.
Page No.- 33-38 Download this Article

9. Design and Analysis of Telescopic Boom for Mobile Cranes

Author- Akhilesh Chandgude, Akshit Agarwal, Clint Mathew, Sai Chavan
Abstract- This paper includes the design of five sections of the telescopic boom, automatic boom extension rope mechanism and self-compensating rope mechanism used in the crane. The models of the booms were designed using CAD software and verified using finite element analysis software. Stiffener plates were used to improve the strength of critical sections found by analysis. Also this paper incorporates selecting two rope mechanisms which eliminate the human involvement in the extensions and hence reduces chance of error in working of the booms.
Keywords- Stiffener Plate, Rope Mechanism, Finite Element Analysis, Telescopic Boom.
Page No.- 39-43 Download this Article

10. Communication and Cyber Security issues in Smart Grid

Author- M.M. Tripathi
Abstract- Smart Grid is an Information and Communication Technology (ICT) enabled Power grid. It is efficient, secure, reliable and self-healing power grid. Integration of micro grids, electric vehicles and other utilities make it more interesting. The deregulation of electricity sector has necessitated the use of many advanced software and embedded technologies to handle the size and complexity of power network. Smart grid needs to be supported by efficient and secure communication architecture design and implementation. At the same time it is necessary to ensure the security and privacy of data and information moving or stored in the smart grid system to have near 100% uptime of the power grid. This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the various communication and cyber security issues involved with the successful operation of Smart Grid.
Keywords- Smart grid, Cyber Security, Communication, Generation, Transmission, Distribution, Advance metering, restructuring.
Page No.- 44-50 Download this Article

11. Fatigue and Structural Analysis of Azimuth Thruster Assembly

Author- Prashant Ambadekar, Abhishek Ayare, Bhushan Mahajan, Sushmita Bade, Virendra Desai-Patil
Abstract- This paper primarily concerns with the determination of life of bracket assembly of Azimuth Thruster under fatigue and structural considerations. An Azimuth thruster is an arrangement of marine propellers placed in pods which can be rotated to any horizontal angle (azimuth). Joseph Becker, invented the Z-drive azimuth propeller first in 1950, whereas this kind of propulsion was first patented by Pleuger in 1955. The ships fitted with this system give better maneuverability than a fixed propeller and rudder system. As thrust acts on the assembly, the well is supported by structures like brackets, struts etc. After brief research on the optimization of design of propellers, performances, there is a scope of improvisation in the design of supporting structures related to the assembly. In this paper, problems while assembling the structure are discussed. In order to mitigate these problems, its expected life under working conditions is found out. Also, structural analysis is carried out to compare as-designed and as-fitted assembly under given thrust loading conditions.
Keywords- Azimuth Thruster, Brackets, Fatigue, Structural.
Page No.- 51-57 Download this Article

12. Economic Feasibility of using by-products in soil stabilization, Saudi Arabia

Author- Ahmed K. Abd E Aal, Abdullah A. Al-Homidy
Abstract- The rapid expansion in the civil and industrial activities in the eastern area of Saudi Arabia has made the improvement of local soils an indispensable task. It is essential for the designers and builders to be able to select an appropriate stabilizer to fulfill the engineering, environmental and economic requirements of the local soils. This study is to evaluate the economic utilization as well as the possibility of improving the mechanical properties of local soils utilizing indigenous industrial by-products, such as oil fuel ash (OFA), cement kiln dust (CKD) and electric arc furnace dust (EAFD). Three types of eastern Saudi soils, namely sand, non-plastic marl and sabkha, were treated with different dosages of the selected industrial by-products. The mechanical properties of the stabilized soils were evaluated by determining the unconfined compressive strength and the durability of the developed mixtures. Micro-characterization methods, such as x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), were utilized to qualitatively study the mechanisms of soil stabilization due to the use of the selected industrial by-products. Results of this investigation indicated that non-plastic marl stabilized with 7% cement was found to be suitable for base course in rigid pavements while the same soil stabilized with 5% cement or with 30% EAFD plus 2% cement or with 30% CKD plus 2% cement was found to be suitable for sub-base course. Non-plastic marl stabilized with 20% EAFD plus 2% cement was found to be suitable as a sub-base in rigid pavements. Dune sand stabilized with 7% cement or with 30% CKD plus 2% cement or with 20% EAFD plus 2% cement was found to be suitable for sub-base course in rigid pavements. Sand stabilized with 30% EAFD was found to be an appropriate material for sub-base in flexible pavements. However, sabkha stabilized with 7% cement or with 30% CKD plus 2% cement was found to be suitable for sub-base course in rigid pavements.
Keywords- stabilization, by-products, XRD, SEM,Unconfined Compression Tests, CBR.
Page No.- 58-78 Download this Article

13. A Study on the Effectiveness of Bracing System for Lateral loading

Author- Dhruba jyoti Borthakur, Dr. (Mrs) Nayanmoni Chetia
Abstract- An attempt has been made to study the reduction in responses of a structure under lateral loading due to the incorporation of a bracing system. In practice a building structure is subjected to eccentric loading due to the placement of different nonstructural elements within and above the structure. Due to the effect of eccentric loading a building normally experiences lateral as well as torsional displacement under seismic loading. Bracing system in any form increases the overall stiffness of the system and hence acts as a control mechanism for both lateral and torsional movement of the structure. In this study a single storey steel frame model is analyzed in a shake table for three different loading conditions namely frame without any extra mass, frame with a central mass and frame with an eccentric mass. A pair of X bracing system is then introduced to the structure and analyzed for the same three conditions. Comparisons are made for different responses namely lateral displacement, velocity, acceleration and torsional movement of the frame at roof level with and without bracing system. From the study it is clear that the bracing system is effective for reducing the lateral movement as well as the torsional effect to a great extent. Model study shows that a bracing system results in a reduction in the displacement at roof level up to about 80% as compared to that of an unbraced frame.
Keywords- Bracing system, response, torsional effect.
Page No.- 79-84 Download this Article

14. Outage Probability Assessment of Power line Cooperative Communication (PLCC) System

Author- Peter O. Aiyelabowo, A. Sali, SamsulBahari b. Noor, NorKamariah Noordin
Abstract- The requirement of high-speed data for various forms of application is increasing rapidly. Power Line communication (PLC), a technology which uses the existing power line network as a transmission medium, is a choice for this provision, owing to the ready presence of the medium. This channel (power line), is severely bewitched by noise and attenuation owing to the branches, length and the load connection on the line. Cooperative relaying, which transmits the same information through several nodes is deployed in this paper to combat the data outages caused by the channel’s characteristics. Amplify-and-forward and decode-and-forward were the cooperative protocols deployed.The outage probability of each of the protocols were obtained, analysed and compared with the conventional direct link (without cooperation). Results shows that outage probability was drastically reduced on the cooperative links. The performances of the two cooperative links were close due to the noise mitigating circuit incorporated.This achievement in outage probability performance enhances the reliability of the PLC system.
Keywords- Attenuation, channel response, cooperative relaying,transmitted power,outage probability.
Page No.- 85-94 Download this Article

15. Educational Search Engine: Effective & Scalable Location Based Android Search Engine Using KNN& Removal of Duplicates Using UDD

Author- M.Gayathri, T.Neeharika, R.Sai Shilpa, G.Akshaya
Abstract- In recent studies made on the structure and dynamics of the web, it is known that the web is growing in large extent and using high storage, and the dynamics of the web is shifting. In the Existing System, A major problem in education search is that the interactions between the users and search engines are limited by the small form factors of the education devices. As a result, education users tend to submit shorter, hence, more ambiguous queries compared to their web search counterparts. In the Proposed model, user searches on the query, either Area specified (or) user's location, server retrieves all the information to the user's PC where ontology was applied. User PC displays all the relevant keywords to the user's education, so that user selects the exact requirement. Ranking occurs and finally exactly mapped information is produced to the user's education. In the Modification, We apply UDD algorithm to eliminate the duplication of records which helps to minimize the number of URL listed to the user.
Keywords- Search engine, Information retrieval, Location based services, Ontology, Semantic web.
Page No.- 95-98 Download this Article

16. Gold Market Analyzer using Selection based Algorithm

Author- Sima P. Patil, Prof. V.M.Vasava, Prof. G.M.Poddar
Abstract- Gold is the most important and valuable element right from its discovery. It is the most significant element at present and also the most valuable asset to. In the present market scenario the investors use gold as the security for their shares investment. During international trade all the countries use gold as their main mode of transaction. It is seen that all the currencies accepted by the international market are having the gold as the backup for their economy. The prices of gold are rising day by day continuously. As we see in the history of gold market the present prices of gold are much high as compare to the past values and that's why the gold market has attracted the most attention. The paper focus on the continuous changing in the gold rates, investment policies depend on the forecasting of trends in gold which will help the data mining companies to minimize the risk The description of the future situation on the basis of present trends is just not limited to the forecasting the prices. The knowledge discovers by the data mining techniques is gathered from the different gold related websites and also from the jewellers database. It is much more important for the ornaments making companies to know the demand and the requirements for the ornaments during the unstable (uncertain) market conditions. For the classification purpose the maid and sale database was gathered from the nearest jewellery shops of the past 5 years. The prediction is done after complete analysis of the gathered data set. With this the paper concentrate on making the information available about the government and private schemes related to gold market on one place. The paper proposes the system that gives the total access to the registered user and limited access to the unregistered user to get the required information of gold. The latest updates are provided to the registered user by sending mail or text message when the user was offline.
Keywords- Historical gold market forecasting mineral prices, Trend Analysis, Correlation, Demand, Long-term trend reverting Jump and dip diffusion.
Page No.- 99-102 Download this Article

17. A Survey on Color Normalization Approach to Histopathology Images

Author- Hasna Panikkaveettil K., Beena M.V.
Abstract- Automated image processing has become very popular in the field of digital histopathology. Digital histopathology is an upcoming area of research where diagnosis decisions are made by quantitative analysis of image content. The problem of color variation is a serious issue in this field. Color variation is a result of inconsistencies in staining procedure or due to the use of different scanners. Color normalization aims at bringing a histological image into a different color appearance of another image which standardizes the color representation of both the images. This literature gives a description of various color normalization approaches used to address the problem of color variation in histopathology images. It focuses mainly on methods used in normalization of breast cancer images.
Keywords- Quantitative analysis, color normalization.
Page No.- 103-105 Download this Article

18. Implementation of Pattern Matching Algorithm for Multimedia Files in Mail Function Detection

Author- S.Pavani, M.Sai Madhuri, P.Tirumaleswarao, N.Getha Tirumula Sai, Y. Mastanaiah Naidu
Abstract- Now a days internet and mail based file transfer has increased enormously due to this server space required will be highly and also occurs largely. In existing system if we upload the same file which is present in the server also get uploaded and duplication occurs. We used a pattern matching algorithm it eliminate duplication and also to avoid time wastage in uploading the same file present in the server. During file upload pattern will be matched. If pattern matched file won't be uploaded again it will simply matched the existing file it avoids uploading the file again. If pattern doesn’t match it allow uploading the file. From this we save the memory space in the server and duplication doesn't occur.
Keywords- Feature Selection, Boyer-Moore Algorithm, Pattern Matching, Data mining.
Page No.- 106-111 Download this Article

19. Online Polling and Feedback System

Author- M.Pasyanthi, Y.Hema Madhuri, T.Venkatesh, N.Satya Balaji, P.Bujji Babu, M.Lakshmi Bai
Abstract- Online polling and feedback system enable users to cast their vote and opinion in a secure and private way which is intuitive.It is a system in which Voter can cast their votes from anywhere in the country without visiting to voting booths, in a highly secured way which makes voting a valiant of violence and that increases the percentage of voting. The main goal of voting is to come up with leaders of people's choice. It needs to be secretive, anonymous, fast, and reliable. It also creates and manages the voting and an election detail as the user login by email id, voter id and security key as details and click on his favorable candidate to cast his/her vote. This will increase the voting percentage in India. By applying high security, false votes will be reduced. The proposed software is developed and tested to work on Ethernet and allows online voting. It provides improved features of voting system over traditional voting system such as accuracy, handiness, flexibility, privacy, verifiability and mobility.
Keywords- CSS, HTML, Java Script, PHP, MYSQL, XAMPP Server.
Page No.- 112-115 Download this Article

20. Automatic Solar Tracking System with AVR Microcontroller based Street Light

Author- Annpurna Garg, Garima Pandey, Mr. GhanshyamTiwari
Abstract- This paper presents the design of a solar tracking system driven by an AVR microcontroller. This project is done by two ways of tracking system, manual and auto tracking. This project is very useful for street light in the campus and villages. The solar panel converts the sun light into the electrical energy, because sun is a very good source of different energies. And the solar energy is the best technique for renewable energy. Basically the energy sources are two types such as conventional energy sources and non-conventional energy sources. Coal, petroleum, natural gas etc. are example of conventional energy sources and solar cell, fuel cells, thermo-electric generator, thermionic converter, solar power generation, wind power generation, geo-thermal energy generation etc. are example of non-conventional energy sources. In developing countries where electricity supplies are inadequate, renewable energy can offer an alternative to expensive extensions of the grid to sparsely populated or rural areas, or a contribution to the grid-based energy mix to meet rapidly expanding electricity demand in urban areas. This work presents an autonomous street lighting system based on solar energy as primary source, batteries as secondary source, and light emitting diodes as lighting source. This system is being presented as an alternative for remote localities, like roads and crossroads.
Keywords- Solar Panel, AVR Microcontroller, Temperature Sensors, LDR, renewable energy.
Page No.- 116-118 Download this Article

21. Exhaust Emission Control & Performance Improvement of IC Engine Using Multifuels

Author- Dhruv S. Joshi, Dipak C. Gosai
Abstract- In this paper various methods & fuels used for improvement of exhaust & performance of the SI engine .Engine water coolant property improved by provide Nanoparticle AL2O3 for improves engine performance & AL2O3 also used ad lubricant of SI engine. Result from that Friction power is reduced, Break power is improved 2 or 3 %, Mechanical efficiency is increased up to 4% & thermal efficiency is also increased. Now in second trial of experiment on same engine by providing above tools & it is also provide catalytic converter to reduce the emission as far as possible & result found very drastic change like CO is reduced 2%,CO2 is reduced 3 to 4%,& HC is also reduced. Now experiment is on diesel engine to improve the exhaust and for that catalytic converter is used & result found that CO, CO2, HC, and NOX reduced about 0.5%, 6%, 12.5% & 7 % respectively.
Keywords- Multi fuels, Emission, IC Engine, Vehicle, Pollution.
Page No.- 119-135 Download this Article

22. Load-Displacement Behaviour of Skirted Raft Foundations on sand using PLAXIS 2D

Author- Kangkan Sarma, Dr. (Mrs) Nayanmoni Chetia
Abstract- Skirted foundations are the shallow foundations in which the footing is reinforced by the addition of vertical plates or skirts. Skirted foundation is one of the new approaches for improving the performance of shallow raft foundation by using skirts to it. The improvement in performance of skirted foundation depends on the geometrical and structural properties of the skirt and footing such as shape, depth of the footing and skirt, skirt geometry etc; soil characteristics namely index properties of soil and the interface conditions of the soil-skirt-foundation systems such as roughness and material of the skirt etc. In the present work an attempt has been made to determine the behaviour of surface raft with and without skirts under two different soil model- Hardening soil model and Mohr-Coulomb model using a finite element software PLAXIS 2D. The analytical results show that with the increase in skirt depth, the bearing capacity increases and settlement decreases for both the model.
Keywords- Raft foundation, Bearing capacity, settlement, Plaxis 2D, structural skirt.
Page No.- 136-140 Download this Article

23. A Survey of DNA Mapping Technique

Author- Prashant Chaturvedi
Abstract- DNA Sequencing is a challenging process where we determine and identify every single DNA base and element that is in the genome of an individual. There are six billion of those in every normal cell in every person..In this paper, we discuss impediments and future works about Hadoop in bioinformatics. We study the MapReduce algorithm from algorithm lay by point and demonstrate the appropriates of our approach by tracing and analyzing efficient MapReduce algorithms for sorting and simulation problem of parallel algorithms specified with the help of pigeonhole principle.Approach: 1, 2.we can get general statistical analysis through R language. After studying the survey paper various approaches of using GPU and MapReduce,we adopted the best solution to use R with MapReduce. An R package is created to shift a set of critical R functions on GPU card. It allows users to run R code with GPU spread that enable much faster large data set of computation.
Keywords- Big Data, Approximation Algorithm, Pigeonhole Principle, NVIDIA card.
Page No.- 141-145 Download this Article

24. Estimating Node Density and Achieving Energy Efficient In Wireless Sensor Networks

Author- J.Sofiya merlin, Dr.M.G.Sumithra
Abstract- In Wireless Sensor Networks, energy consumption is an important issue compared with other parameter. Minimum Energy consumption is achieved by the duty cycle in the network. The concept of a low duty cycle is representing as a periodic wake-up scheme. If the nodes residual energy is higher than the threshold value the node act as a parent node and it creates the leaf node during the transmission finally forwards the packets based on the energy level in the node. If the nodes residual energy is lower than the threshold value the node act as a child node, which is, enter the sleep mode. After finishing the sleep period it will wake up and check the channel if any transmission is there. If packet is to be transmitting or receiving, the nodes forward the packet otherwise again go to the sleep state. In AODV, protocol has the highest energy consumption than the Modified Energy AODV protocol. However, this concept is applicable only in small network. Simulation results show that Modified Energy AODV provides better performance in terms of energy, packet delivery ratio and throughput.
Keywords- Modified Energy AODV (ME-AODV), periodic wake-up scheme, leaf node, parent node, residual energy.
Page No.- 146-150 Download this Article

25. Sphinx 4 Speech Recognition in ATC

Author- Vatsala Mathapati, Anjaney Koujalagi, Naveen Kumar C
Abstract- Speech Recognition plays a very important role in day to day life. Speech Recognition is widely used and addicted by this world as it allows users to communicate with computers by recognizing their spoken language. Communication with Speech Recognition made our lives easy. There are many types of open source Speech Recognition Engine. Different types of application are built using Speech Recognition Engine. An Application is built for Air Traffic Controller. A new Software library with good grammar is proposed according to Air Traffic Controller commands. This Software library is used to build successful working application.
Keywords- ATC commands, JSAPI,JSGF,LM ,Sphinx Decoder Framework.
Page No.- 151-154 Download this Article

26. Finite Element Analysis of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades Using NACA 4412 Series

Author- Md. Abdul Raheem Junaidi, Mohammed Nawaz Shareef , Mohammed Sameer
Abstract- Wind turbine technology is one of the rapid growth sectors of renewable energy all over the world. The ultimate objective of the project work is to increase the output power under specified atmospheric conditions. From the technical point of view, the output power depends on the shape of the blade. The blade plays a pivotal role, because it is the most important part of the energy absorption system. Finite element analysis was conducted by different materials used for blade fabrication namely glass fiber with epoxy resin, Aluminum and teak wood. The research work focuses on NACA4412. Also, the performance of a wind turbine blade is highly dependent on the structure Total deformation, Stress and Strain of the blade is critical to the wind turbine system service life. So, the wind turbine blades are analyzed taking these parameters into account.
Keywords- Horizontal axis Wind turbine, NACA 4412, Finite element analysis, deformation.
Page No.- 155-160 Download this Article

27. A Topology Based Routing Protocols Comparative Analysis for MANETs

Author- Girish Paliwal, Swapnesh Taterh
Abstract- MANET is a dynamic topology wireless network in which each mobile works as a sender and receiver wireless router. MANET have very low deployment cost, a low cost option to extend network coverage and ease of maintenance due to their self healing properties. MANETs are powered by batteries that have very limited capacity and it is a very important issue. The primary goal of MANET routing protocols is to find out an efficient route between any two mobile nodes with minimum time and less resource consumption. The MANET routing protocol designing is a very challenging due to various challenges such as the nodes have short battery life, small bandwidth, number of paths between source and destination, variable population of nodes and lose links. The central focus of this paper is to comparative study of different kinds of routing protocols and comparing on the basis of some common properties. Therefore, it is quite difficult to determine which protocols may perform best under a number of different network scenarios, such as increasing node density and traffic mobility. In this paper, we try to provide an overview of a topology based routing protocols proposed in the literature.
Keywords- Mobile Ad Hoc Network MANET, Vehicular Ad Hoc Network VANET.
Page No.- 161-166 Download this Article